Hair fall is a very common condition in adults as well as children. It’s nothing to worry about unless there is an abnormal increase in hair fall. Abnormal hair fall in your child may be a sign of a health condition. Pay attention to the below details regarding hair fall:
Causes of Hair Loss in Children
There are many reasons that a child’s hair might fall out abnormally or excessively. The following conditions are the most common causes of hair loss in children
The most common cause of hair loss in children is an infection known as ‘Tinea capitis’. Tinea capitis is a type of ringworm that attacks the hair and causes scaly, ring-like lesions to form. It is a contagious fungal infection, and is commonly spread among school-aged children. Tinea capitis can affect hair of the scalp, eyebrows, and eyelashes. The area of hair loss is often flaky or scaly, and contains hairs that appear to be broken off at the surface.
Alopecia Areata is when patches of kids’ hair suddenly start falling out in a round or oval pattern. This hair loss occurs within a matter of a few days, and the bald patterns are smooth and not inflamed. ‘Alopecia Areata’ is thought to occur when a child’s immune system mistakenly attacks his/her own hair follicles. However this condition is relatively rare.
Telogen Effluvium is a condition in which the hair life cycle is interrupted. Normally, about 10 to 15 percent of the hairs on your child’s head are in the telogen phase. But in telogen effluvium, many or all hairs are thrown in to the telogen phase. After a few weeks or months, partial or complete baldness occurs. Telogen effluvium can occur for a number of reasons, including extreme fever, the stress of general anesthesia, vitamin A overdose, injury, and side effects of a medication.
Hair shaft trauma:
Physical stress to the hair, known as hair shaft trauma, commonly causes hair loss in children. Hair shaft trauma can result from consistent pulling of the hair (for example, tight ponytails or braids), excessive friction (like rubbing against a pillow), or by chemical burns to the hair shaft.
If you see any of the above mentioned symptoms in your child, consult your doctor immediately to avoid further complications.
Note: The earlier the cause of hair loss is diagnosed and treated, the more likely the treatment will be successful.
At the same time make note to wash your child’s hair regularly keeping his/her scalp clean. Rub oil and keep his/her scalp moist to avoid any excessive drying out. Make sure to add a lot of greens to your child’s daily meals for a healthy scalp and hair growth.