A Parent’s Guide to Infant Skin

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A baby’s skin is very sensitive and fragile. They’ve been in the comfort and safety of their mother’s womb for nine months. Once they come out into this world everything they feel is new. Each baby’s skin is different; therefore changes will affect each one in very different ways.
Below are a few common infant skin conditions that you might notice on your baby and some advice on how you can handle the situation.

• Infant Acne
Most babies develop infant acne, which commonly pops up at two to three weeks of age and is usually gone before the six-month mark. These pimples and whiteheads are caused by your hormones, which are still circulating in your little one’s bloodstream. Your baby’s pores are still a work in progress so they clog easily. The good news is that while they’re not pretty, these blemishes don’t bother baby a bit and won’t leave permanent scars as long as you resist the impulse to squeeze them. The best solution is to keep the area clean (with water only) and never scrub or use zit creams meant for grownups.

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• Infant Eczema
Most baby skin conditions bother the mother more than the little one except for infant eczema . This itchy rash tends to start on the face and spread to the rest of the body. Symptoms: small, fluid-filled pimples that can burst and ooze, making baby pretty uncomfortable.
To ease the pain, apply a gentle baby moisturizer while your baby’s skin is still damp from a short and not too hot bath and leave a fan or A/C on, on moderate mode in the bedroom.
Note: If the situation doesn’t clear up, see your pediatrician

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• Heat Rash
This heat is unbearable for many adults, and it is the same or even worse for your baby. This rash shows up as tiny, red bumps after your baby’s sweat glands get clogged, leaving him/her hot, irritable and itchy.
If your baby is prone to overheating, dress him/her in light layers or keep baby shirtless during the day time.
You can use a cool compress, and moderately cold baths during morning hours of the day. These can help ease the itch and uncomfortable irritation.
Note: Keep an eye out for signs of infection like a fever or swelling. If the rash seems to be getting worse, meet with your pediatrician.

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• Mongolian Spots
These gray-blue patches are caused by simple variations in skin pigmentation and usually appear and disappear all within the first year. They might look like a big bruise but they don’t hurt at all. Ranging from the size of a pinhead to six or more inches across, Mongolian spots typically show up on baby’s back, buttocks, or legs. It is nothing to worry about.

If you feel like it is not disappearing within the first year or two, talk to your pediatrician.

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Source: http://www.whattoexpect.com